Lord of the Flies is a novel published in 1954. The story is about a group of British boys, aged 6 to 12, who are stranded on an uninhabited island after a plane crash. The boys, who are initially excited about the idea of being on their own and not having any adult supervision, soon begin to struggle with their own inner demons and the concept of civilization.
The novel starts with the boys being stranded on the island and trying to establish a sense of order and leadership. Ralph, an older boy, is elected as the leader and tries to establish rules and organize the group to build shelter and signal for help. However, Ralph's leadership is challenged by Jack, another older boy who is more interested in hunting and having fun rather than being rescued.
As the novel progresses, the boys begin to split into two groups, with Ralph's group focusing on being rescued and maintaining order, and Jack's group becoming more savage, hunting, and having fun. Ralph tries to maintain order and keep the them focused on being rescued. However, his efforts are in vain, as the boys become more savage and begin to turn on each other.
A key event in the novel is the killing of a pig, which is the first time they kill an animal. The event marks the beginning of their descent into savagery and the turning point in the novel. Another event is when they start creating their own religion, worshiping the "beast" which is a creature that they believe to be on the island. The "beast" is a symbol of their fear and uncertainty, and they begin to believe that the "beast" is responsible for the evil on the island.
The story reaches its climax when Jack's group, now fully turned into savages, hunts and captures Ralph who they intent to kill. However, they are interrupted by the arrival of a naval officer, who rescues the boys. The boys are relieved and grateful to be rescued, but at the same time, ashamed of their behavior and the things that they have done.